How to Make and Use a Theory of Change

Sunday, June 16, 9:00 am - 10:30 am

What impacts should your work have? Why do certain programs/projects lead to their desired impacts and others don't? Learn about how Theories of Change are made, what they're for, why they're important, and what happens once you've made one.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Understand the components and usefulness of a Theory of Change.
  2. Hear concrete examples from arts organization staff working with an outside consultant.
  3. Learn about how Theories of Change can be used on projects large and small.

View the Presentation Slides


Anika Kwinana
Manager, National Partnerships
The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts
Washington, District of Columbia

Anika Kwinana is an artist and arts manager who is passionate about the role of the arts in supporting community development.  Her work has included directing music and arts programming for a diverse, 5,000-member religious organization in South Africa, where she mentored and led 100+ volunteer artists; produced, wrote for and performed on two live CD-DVD projects; and, oversaw concerts, conferences and facility rentals. 

She also managed, facilitated and fundraised for several community-based youth, HIV-AIDS, and women’s empowerment organizations in the country.  In the U.S, Anika has designed and implemented STEM and arts-related college and career fairs, with an emphasis on concept development; event management; committee oversight; program design and implementation; and, partnership-building.  She is currently Manager, National Partnerships at The John F. Kennedy Center for Performing Arts, where she co-leads the Any Given Child Initiative, supporting 27 communities, nationally, towards equitable access to quality arts education for all K – 8 students.  Anika is a Commissioner for the Arlington County Commission for the Arts and an executive board member for the Arts Administrators of Color Network.  Anika holds an M.A. in Arts Management from George Mason University and an M.A. Public Anthropology from American University.

Rachel Engh
Metris Arts Consulting
Easton, Pennsylvania

Rachel Engh is a researcher/planner at Metris Arts Consulting. Located in Easton, PA, Metris provides research, planning, and evaluation services to reveal arts’ impacts and help communities equitably improve their cultural vitality. Since joining Metris in 2015, Engh has worked on a variety of projects at the intersection of community, place, and culture. Recently, she’s explored how communities use arts and culture to activate vacant properties and facilitated webinars to address various technical assistance needs for a national cohort of organizations new to creative placemaking. Engh has spoken about Metris’ work for conferences and webinars and has contributed articles to Public Art Review, Createquity and Americans’ for the Arts’ ARTSblog. When she’s not at Metris, she enjoys sending postcards to family and friends, spending time along the Delaware River, and watching her cat, Harriet, chase crumpled up pieces of paper. Engh holds a Master of Urban and Regional Planning from the University of Minnesota’s Humphrey School of Public Affairs and a B.A. in Sociology from Grinnell College. Email: